Has FDA enforcement modified e-cigarette use among the many US youth?

 A current  research analyzed the extent of e-cigarette use amongst US youth after enforcement steering from the US Meals and Drug Administration (FDA).

Research: . Picture Credit score: ilkov_igor/Shutterstock.com

Because of a big enhance in e-cigarette use within the US amongst youths, in January 2020, the FDA’s Heart for Tobacco Merchandise (CTP) formulated methods to scale back e-cigarette use.

They printed steering and enforced priorities towards “any flavored, cartridge-based ENDS [electronic nicotine delivery system] product (apart from a tobacco- or menthol-flavored ENDS product).”

Moreover, in July 2020, CTP issued a discover to many e-cigarette manufacturers urging them to take youth-appealing e-liquid merchandise off the market.


The findings of the Nationwide Youth Tobacco Survey and the US arm of the Worldwide Tobacco Management Coverage Analysis Mission Youth Tobacco and Vaping Survey offered an thought of gadget sorts, manufacturers, and e-cigarette flavors, used amongst youths pre- and post-enforcement steering set out by CTP in 2020.

These surveys indicated {that a} specific disposable e-cigarette model was hottest amongst youths in 2020. It was noticed that youths shifted from fruity and sweet-flavored cartridge merchandise to similar-flavored disposable e-cigarette merchandise.

Nevertheless, these research didn’t consider the distribution of e-cigarette flavors and gadget mixtures favored by the American youth. This info is important to judge the impact of CTP’s 2020 enforcement steering.

It is very important perceive the within-person product switching. Moreover, the evaluation of e-cigarette continuation charges for these merchandise which have been prioritized for CTP’s enforcement efforts will make clear the effectiveness of the enforcement efforts.

If e-cigarette continuation charges didn’t change primarily based on the product taste/gadget sort used, the implementation of the enforcement efforts will point out unsuccessful CTP enforcement efforts.

Concerning the research

The present longitudinal research analyzed knowledge from the Inhabitants Evaluation of Tobacco and Well being (PATH) Research, which is related to figuring out the extent of tobacco use amongst youths within the US.

This research analyzed knowledge compiled between December 2018 to November 2019 (wave 5, known as 2019 hereafter) and between March 2021 and November 2021 (wave 6, known as 2021 hereafter). All knowledge have been obtained via in-person interviews or phone audio computer-assisted self-interviews. The demographic particulars of the contributors have been additionally collected.

The 2019 knowledge included interviews with people above 12 years of age, whereas the 2021 knowledge contained interviews with youths over 14 years of age. The utmost age of contributors thought-about on this research was 20 years.

The contributors have been requested about their e-cigarette use and their most well-liked taste.

The e-cigarette flavors have been categorized into six mutually unique and exhaustive classes, particularly: tobacco taste; menthol/mint taste solely; non-tobacco taste solely, non-mint/menthol taste (candy taste); candy and mint/menthol taste (no tobacco taste); mint/menthol and tobacco taste (no candy taste); and candy and tobacco taste (with or with out mint/menthol taste).

The e-cigarette units have been categorized as disposable merchandise, cartridge merchandise, and tank or mod techniques. A complete of 19-level taste/gadget mixture variables have been clubbed into 3-level variables to align with CTP’s 2020 e-cigarette enforcement steering.

Research findings

The 2019 inhabitants (12 to 17 years of age) of this nationally consultant longitudinal US cohort research comprised 51% males and 49% females. Notably, this research didn’t observe any variations in e-cigarette continuation charges amongst youths after CTP’s enforcement efforts in 2020.

Round 84% of the youths who used candy/cartridge e-cigarettes in 2019 continued utilizing e-cigarettes in 2020 however switched to a special taste/gadget mixture. 

The findings of this research point out that CTP’s partial e-cigarette enforcement efforts have some shortcomings, which have been exploited by the youth in an effort to proceed utilizing e-cigarettes. As an illustration, youths continued to make use of flavored e-cigarettes by utilizing units not coated by the enforcement steering.

Earlier research have indicated important volatility within the e-cigarette market, which might be additionally partly accountable for the modifications seen on this research.

Total, there was no change in youth choice for e-cigarette flavors in 2019 and 2021. In line with the findings documented in earlier research, a marginal enhance in using disposable merchandise and a discount in using cartridge merchandise have been noticed on this research.


Though earlier research have highlighted that co-occurring insurance policies and occasions have decreased e-cigarette use, the present research noticed no change in e-cigarette use amongst youths after CTP implementation.

The present research offered proof that indicated related e-cigarette continuation charges between youth who used focused e-cigarettes and those that used different e-cigarettes. Youths who continued to make use of e-cigarettes in 2021 switched to taste/gadget mixtures that weren’t included in CTP’s enforcement priorities.

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