Among the many different factors constantly acting on the development of the child's body and his health, the most important role belongs to nutrition. The nature of nutrition in early childhood affects and affects the further development of the child and his state of health not only in childhood and adolescence but also in adulthood.
What is understood by good nutrition and what should it be for a preschool child?
Proper, or rational nutrition - is such a meal, which provides strengthening and improvement of health, physical and spiritual strength of man, the prevention and treatment of diseases. In a word, good nutrition - it's a healthy diet.
Meals for children of preschool age should be:
- First, complete, containing the necessary amounts of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, water.
- Secondly, varied, consisting of foods of plant and animal origin. The more diverse the set of products included in the menu, the fuller the need for food is satisfied.
- Thirdly, it should be of good quality and not contain harmful impurities and pathogenic microbes. The food should be not only tasty but also safe.
- Fourthly, enough volume and calories to cause a feeling of satiety. Nutrition received by preschoolers should not only cover the energy expended but also provide the material necessary for the growth and development of the body.
Characteristics of the basic components of food
Protein - take special importance, because without them the building of the basic elements of organs and tissues can not be carried out. They can not be replaced by other nutrients.
Sources of protein are meat, fish, milk and dairy products, eggs (animal proteins), and bread, cereals, legumes, and vegetables (plant proteins). Lack of protein in the child's diet not only slows down normal growth and development but also affects the function of the brain and the body's immune system. Therefore, proteins should be constantly included in the diet of preschoolers and schoolchildren.
Fats are a source of energy, take part in metabolism, contribute to the development of immunity. Sources of fats are butter and vegetable oil, cream, milk, dairy products (sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese), as well as meat, fish, etc.
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy, promote the absorption of proteins and fats in the body. They are contained in beet sugar, cane sugar, honey, berries, and fruits. They are quickly absorbed by the body and ensure the maintenance of blood sugar. Complex carbohydrates are found in flour, potatoes, and vegetables in the form of starch.
Excessive amounts of carbohydrates lead to metabolic disorders.
Great importance in the diet of water, because without it life processes can not happen. A day for a child needs about a liter and a half of water.
Mineral salts and trace elements are building materials for organs, tissues, cells, and their components. Ensure their intake into the body is especially important during the active growth and development of the child.
Proper nutrition preschooler entirely depends on parents.
First of all, you should know and remember that the food of the child of preschool age should be markedly different from the diet of the parents.
Heat treatment of foods by frying is undesirable, it is better to prepare dishes on steam or bake.
The daily menu of preschoolers should not contain dishes that are similar in composition. For example, if porridge is offered for breakfast, it is better to give a vegetable dish for dinner.
If your child attends kindergarten, where he receives four meals a day, the home ratio should complement, and not replace the kindergarten diet. To this end, parents should familiarize themselves with the menu at home and give their child exactly those foods and dishes that he did not get enough of during the day.
Following these recommendations will help your child grow up healthy